Ovarian Cysts: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

If you are a woman between thirty and sixty, you are might experience certain health problems that could be serious symptoms of ovarian cysts. However, much younger and much older women have been reported have cyst on ovaries. This ovarian cysts could afflict women from different backgrounds and social status.

What are the Symptoms Of Ovarian Cysts

  • symptoms of ovarian cysts     There may be ovarian cyst symptoms
  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Severe sudden pain is a symptom of ruptured ovarian cysts
  • A sensation of pressure or fullness in the lower abdomen or pelvis
  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods
  • Pelvic pain during menstrual periods
  • Pain in the pelvic area after exercise
  • Pelvic pain following sexual intercourse
  • Vaginal spotting or pain
  • Pressure or pain when urinating or having a bowel movement
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Breast tenderness
  • Weight gain
  • Aches in the thighs and lower back
  • Infertility

Causes of Ovarian Cysts

  • Follicles which become enlarged when an egg is not released from the follicle during the menstrual cycle
  • The tissue which is left over after an egg is released, called a corpus luteum, doesn’t break down like it usually does, and it fills with blood or other fluid
  • If endometriosis occurs in the area of the ovary, a cyst may be formed
  • Cancerous tumors
  • Benign tumors
  • Tissue from other parts of the body, such as hair and teeth, which grow on the ovaries

Types that cause the Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts


  • Functional Cysts
  • Follicular cysts occur when an egg is not released from the follicles as it does in a regular menstrual cycle
  • A corpus luteum cyst forms when the corpus luteum doesn’t break down and isn’t absorbed by the body as usual
  • When bleeding occurs with a cyst it is called a hemorrhagic cyst
  • Dermoid cysts are ones which grow from non-uterine cells
  • Endometrioma cysts are caused by endometriosis
  • Cystadenomas are cysts which grow outside the ovaries
  • Serous cystadenomas are cysts which are filled with fluid
  • Mucinous cystadenomas are large and painful cysts containing liquid and mucus
  • A complex ovarian cyst includes solid components as well as liquid
  • When there are multiple cysts it is called polycystic ovarian syndrome


Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts

  • Sudden onset of severe pain
  • During a routine pelvic examination the doctor may feel a swelling in the ovaries
  • An ultrasound or a laparoscopy will show the presence of cysts
  • A CT scan may be used to diagnose an ovarian cyst
  • A serum CA-125 assay is a blood test to determine if a cyst is cancerous or benign
  • Cysts containing solid tissue are diagnosed with an x-ray
  • A complete blood count is done to rule out infection
  • A pregnancy test will rule out pregnancy
  • To eliminate ectopic pregnancy, a pregnancy test may be done
  • The diagnosis of ovarian dermoid cysts involves viewing some cells through a microscope to see if there is foreign tissue present

Ovarian Cysts Treatment

  • Ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or prescription narcotic pain medicine are used to treat pain
  • Heat or ice may relieve discomfort
  • Limiting movement and exercise is often recommended
  • Oral contraceptives are used to prevent follicles from forming
  • Surgery is required when the cyst is large or twisted., or if the cyst does not go away on its own
  • In rare cases a hysterectomy is required to reduce the symptoms of ovarian cysts

2 Responses to “Symptoms Of Ovarian Cysts”

  1. · First, many benign conditions in women of childbearing age can cause the CA-125 level to be elevated, so CA-125 is not a specific test, especially in younger women. Pelvic infections, uterine fibroids,pregnancy, benign (hemorrhagic) ovarian cysts, and liver disease are all conditions that may elevate blood CA-125 levels in the absence of ovarian cancer.

  2. Diana says:

    I have been battling ovarian cysts since I was 18, I’m 45 now. I’ve had 3 surgeries to remove and/or drain the cysts. I have another one. This one is really bothering me and it’s painful. I have intense pressure and pain in the crease of my leg and upper vagina. I have pain into my thigh and hip and it radiates into my lower back. I’m not a fan of surgery but this one really has to be removed. I also think I’m going to ask the doctor to remove my right ovary as this is the one prone to cysts. Oh the joys of being a woman >.<

Leave a Reply